Like the spirits who plagued the Demoniac, my mistakes in Easter-preaching have been legion. The subject is always lively, but the preaching is sometimes grave! So in a deeply ironical tone, neither to be copied or encouraged, here are seven ways to preach a terrible Easter sermon. Please, I beg of you, do not try this in your pulpit this Sunday.
Mistake 1: Give an apologetics lecture rather than a sermon. Easter sermons are bound to flex some apologetic muscle. Just like preaching Genesis 1 and 2, we know that Easter preaching will be met with the raised eye-brow. At times, my response has been to transform my sermon into an apologetics lecture. Perhaps as much as two-thirds of my sermon has been surrendered to the objections of the sceptics. The intention is good but the sermon is bad (or maybe non-existent?). Our apologetics needs to be proportionate and ideally tethered to the text. Above all, let us preach the passage, and trust that the Scriptures have the power to change lives!
Mistake 2: Preach a compendium of all the resurrection accounts. There is a time and a place for trying to harmonize the various resurrection accounts. It’s called a “commentary.” Sad to say, I have spent many a sermon shuttling between Matthew and Mark, Luke and John. I am not convinced it has been all that profitable. On the one hand, it takes up precious time: minutes are expended as I feel the need to add (or harmonize) details from the other gospels. On the other hand, we should consider the authors’ own intentions. If Mark has left out something that Luke has included, it is because Mark didn’t want to mention that detail! We need to respect what each gospel author is, and isn’t, trying to say.
Mistake 3: Spend the entire sermon on the facts of the resurrection. Since the resurrection accounts are laden with facts, it can be tempting to preach an entirely cerebral sermon. I have done this myself. The sort of “9 proofs that Jesus is alive” sermon. People leave this sort of sermon either muttering positively “that was interesting”, or negatively “so what?” To remedy this left-brain overload we should also observe the experiences and emotions in the narratives. Vibrant emotions were involved in the resurrection appearances (fear, bewilderment, grief, joy, peace). An encounter with the living Christ transformed both the emotions and the people who felt them.
Mistake 4: Become an amateur psychologist. Close your eyes and some Easter sermons will transport you from the pew to a black leather chair! This error is a pendulum-swing from mistake number 3. The focus here is entirely upon the drama within the characters. The sermon is about the emotions of Mary Magdalene, or the inward wrestling-match of Thomas. Of course, the Gospels do make some mention of these things, but we mustn’t become amateur psychologists. Facts as well as feelings, please. The objective, as well as the subjective. Jesus actually rose – and not just in the hearts of the disciples!
Mistake 5: Overplay the differences between character responses. This has been a biggie for me. It’s the error of overplaying the contrast between the characters in the drama. To offer an instance, in the past I have strongly contrasted Thomas’s response to that of the other apostles (he doubts / they believed). However, a more careful reading of the text shows that Thomas was actually no different from the rest in his manner of coming to faith. Throughout John 20, seeing is always believing. John sees and believes. Mary Magdalene sees and believes. The apostles see and believe. And finally Thomas sees and believes. These four waves of seeing and believing then sets up the actual contrast: blessed are those who haven’t seen and yet have believed. The lesson to draw from this little example? Be careful about playing off one character against another!
Mistake 6: Ignore the historical distance between ourselves and the eye-witnesses. “Jesus met those first disciples and Jesus can meet you in the same way today!” Well….kind of! There is some truth in the statement, if we understand it rightly. But we shouldn’t give the impression that people today will meet Jesus in the same way that the early disciples did. The whole point of the resurrection accounts is that the eye-witnesses saw, heard and touched Jesus in a first hand fashion. We, by contrast to them, cannot believe in Jesus on the basis of physical sight or touch. We believe, rather, on the basis of eye-witness testimony, those testifiers who were martyred in the confidence that they had seen the risen Lord. So tell people that they can meet Jesus today. They can hear his voice through the Scriptural testimony, and see Jesus through the eyes of faith.
Mistake 7: Preach in a joyless, lifeless, routine manner. In minister fraternals – where pastors tend to be at their most transparent – confessions are sometimes made about the ‘routine’ nature of Christmas and Easter sermons. While it can be a challenge to keep these sermons fresh, such confessions are ultimately to our shame. Do we lack a sense of freshness? Then we should pray and study the harder. With the help of God’s Spirit, these familiar passages can soon fill our minds with fresh insights and our hearts with fresh joy. If we cannot exhibit joy when preaching a tomb-conquering Savior, then when (O when) will we ever show it?
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I appreciate this article. Though I think one essential element missing from it is “How to preach instead.” Making the gospel concerning Christ understood is central. Can it really be considered preaching without the attention on Christ and the redemptive plan with the Father?
I am really tired of folk laying down principles as to how and how not to preach. To me it is the very height of spiritual arrogance. Read Martyn Lloyd Jones on preaching. An enthralling book with not a “how to” comment. The Bible in the hand and the Spirit in the heart suffice in preaching to souls that are loved. God uses individuals not conveyor belt communicators. Formulae, formulae. Not a sign of it in Whitefield, Spurgeon, Christmas Evans – but minds filled with truth and hearts on fire.
Roger, you really don’t think Lloyd Jones offers any how to principles for preaching? Some of his principles (In Preaching and Preachers) include: all preaching must be theological, present the gospel, and exposit the text (rather than impose meaning upon it). He has a whole chapter which talks about how the preacher can prepare himself for the preaching moment. And as for Spurgeon, haven’t you read ‘Lectures to my students’? It seems to me that these men had, and sometimes shared, their own methodology of preaching so that others could learn from it.
Thank you Colin for these reminders. Spot on. I just wish I had read it many Easters ago, since I’m afraid I’ve made each mistake a time or two! But, God is gracious, and continues to speak through Balaam’s donkey.
Sorry, I don’t have enough time to replicate my comment when I posted this article on facebook because I have to get ready to go to work for Thom S. Rainer and crew at the Lifeway store in Chesapeake, Virginia. Check out my Facebook posting. Larry McAdoo (retired Navy Chaplain, minister of the Christian Churches/Churches of Christ)
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